A static exhibit details stories of escape, resistance, and defiance to the institution of slavery in Howard County. Runaway slaves like Oliver Cromwell Gilbert who went on to become a noted orator and abolitionist after escape in New Hampshire; while former slaves like Decatur Dorsey won a medal of honor fighting for the Union cause during the Civil War. These are just a few of the many stories of struggle and freedom that we commemorate during the International Underground Railroad Month in September.
Additionally, the Howard County Historical Society partnered with the National Park Service in 2016 to nominate four locations for the NPS Network to Freedom Underground Railroad Trail in Howard County. Three of the Four locations (The Original Howard County Courthouse, The Ellicott City Jail, and The Circuit Courthouse) represent locations where runaway / fugitive slaves and abolitionists aiding in escape were tried, while the Miller Library and Historical Society Archives are where slave inventories, manumission and fugitive slave records are preserved.